Special to SEGAZINE
Navy officials call the replacement of Ohio-class submarines home-ported at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay and at the Pacific base in Bangor, Washington, the services “top priority program.”
And if it means scrapping air and land nuclear weapon delivery systems to replace the fleet, then so be it, according to a study by the Cato Institute, a public policy think tank that conducts independent, nonpartisan research on a wide range of policy issues.The study underscores what it considers the importance of the replacement fleet as a deterrent to nuclear war.
The Navys plan to build 12 of the replacement submarines, estimated to cost as much as $100 billion, will put a large dent in its shipbuilding budget.The study suggests the Pentagon may have to bend the rules to fund the program and suggests it should consider different alternatives.
It suggests a simple, but potentially controversial solution.”Eliminating the other two legs of the nuclear triad — intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs, and nuclear bombers — would save American taxpayers around $20 billion a year,” the study said. “Part of the savings could be put toward replacing the Ohio-class subs.”Analysts agree the Trident submarine fleet is the most survivable leg of the nuclear triad. In fact, the submarines by themselves are a more powerful nuclear war deterrent than any possessed by nearly every other nation.”Russia retains a relatively large arsenal, but no other country is capable of deploying more than a few hundred nuclear warheads,” according to the study. “A single Ohio-class submarine can carry up to 192.”The Navys 14 Ohio-class submarines are capable of carrying 24 nuclear ballistic missiles and each missile can carry up to six warheads. The D-5 missile has a range of about 7,000 miles, allowing it to strike anywhere on the planet within 30 minutes.
The missiles are believed to be as accurate as land-based ICBMs and are “far superior as a delivery vehicle than bomber aircraft,” the study said.”Given their stealth and survivability, SSBNs represent a secure second-strike force on their own,” the study said. “No other state now threatens Americas SSBN fleet.”
The institute has an answer for those who believe all three delivery systems are necessary.”The reliance on three nuclear delivery systems is a relic of Cold War bureaucratic politics, not the product of strategic calculation,” the study said. ”
A submarine-based monad is more than sufficient for Americas deterrence needs, and would be considerably less expensive to modernize and maintain than the current force. The Navy would not have to skirt the law in a desperate bid to shake additional money from American taxpayers if the Obama administration shed its attachment to the nuclear triad.”
Sheila McNeill, president of the Camden Partnership and former national president of the Navy League, said she is aware of the study but cannot comment. She said other military officials will also decline comment.But she said the issue will be discussed sometime in the near future.”We are working on a conference that will educate our leadership on each leg of the triad,” she said.